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Pelvic Floor


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The pelvic floor is a sheet of muscle which closes in the pelvis from below. The major pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, rectum) sit on this sheet. It is pierced by the anal canal/rectum, the vagina and the urethra (taking urine from the bladder to the outside). When the pelvic floor is damaged, as may occur during childbirth, patients may develop incontinence and the organs may slip further down into the pelvis causing prolapse.